Thimphu , the modern capital of Bhutan lies at Alt. 8000 ft in a valley traversed by Wang-chu (Thmphu river). Although what one expect from the capital city, Thimphu is still a very interesting place to be visited.
This Fort/Castle known as Simtokha Dzong, the first Dzong built by “THE FOUNDER OF BHUTAN” Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in the year 1629. This Dzong is perhaps the only Dzong in Bhutan that retains its original form. These kinds of Dzongs were built for the “DRUKPA” literally meaning the Dragon People, Monk body and the Administration, which means there are two sections. The Dzong was used by Jigme Namgyal, father of the First King of Bhutan, during the Civil Strikes. Jigme Namgyal died here in the year 1881.
This Dzong was built mainly to subdue the demon on the very place and also to strict watch against any external intruders should any arise. The Dzong was used as the Institution for the National Language and Cultural Studies before having moved to the Central Bhutan. The Dzong is located in the South of Thimphu with its own splendor and charm.
Originally the dzong was built in 1661 by Je Sherab Wangchuk and renovated in 1960s by third King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck. The fortress houses the main secretariat building with thorne room for the King, offices for ministers and the residence for the central Monk Body.
It is said this is one of the largest sitting Buddha in the world at 168 feet height. Inside the base of the statue, the hall will hold another 108,000 smaller statues. It has today already become a must visit site in Thimphu for all the tourist.
One of the oldest drukpa kagyu temple founded by Phajo Drugom Zhingpo 1208 – 1276. It is worth visiting the temple where one will witness the Bhutanese families’ making ceremonies for the new borne babies. The Buddhas images and religious paintings are well preserved.
The stupa was built in 1974 in memory of the third monarch Jigme Dorji Wangchuck who passed away in 1972. The tantric images and paintings inside the monument provide a very rare insight into Buddhist philosophy.